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   Heart Rate Blood Pressure Monitors
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Normal Blood Pressure Readings
Reference: Book: Permanent Diabetes Control, page: 59

BLOOD PRESSURE
Blood pressure is defined as the force with which the blood flows against the walls of blood vessels or arteries. This pressure is expressed in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or pounds per square inch (psi). The blood pressure of a person is measured and expressed in two different readings, systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the highest pressure in the artery when the heart is pumping blood to the body. Diastolic pressure is the lowest pressure in the artery when the heart relaxes between heartbeats.

Illustration

 

 120 mm Hg (Systotic Pressure)

 Blood Pressure is expressed as

 

  80 mm Hg (Diastotic Pressure)


Systotic Pressure (for example 120 mm Hg as shown above) is the pressure of blood against the artery walls when the heart pumps blood into arteries. Diastotic Pressure (for example 80 mm Hg as shown above) is the pressure of blood against the artery walls when the heart relaxes between heartbeats.                                         

According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, a division of the US Federal Government’s National Institute of Health, the following table shows the normal blood pressure readings.

Table 4.1  Normal Blood Pressure Readings

 

          BLOOD PRESSURE (mm Hg)

 

Normal

High Normal

 High Blood Pressure Levels

 

 

 

 

 Systolic

< 130

130 to 139

> 140

 Diastolic

< 85

 85 to 89

>  90

 

 

 

 

Symbols:  < means less than;  > means greater than


Blood pressure equal to or below 120/80 mm Hg is considered optimal (the perfect normal). Blood pressure above and beyond 140/90 mm Hg is considered high blood pressure and immediate action is required to lower and control it (contact your health care professional).

 

 

Selected Blood Pressure Monitors

1. Omron HEM-780 Automatic Blood Pressure Monitor with ComFit Cuff       List Price: $199.99  Price: $189.89
 
2. Omron HEM-711AC Automatic Blood Pressure Monitor with IntelliSense     List Price: $209.99  Price: $199.95
 

3. Omron HEM-712C Automatic Blood Pressure Monitor with IntelliSense
   List Price: $99.99  Price: $80.99

 
4. Omron HEM-650 Wrist Blood Pressure Monitor with APS (Advanced Positioning Sensor)  
   
List Price: $289.00  Price: $249.99
 

5. Omron HEM-790IT Automatic Blood Pressure Monitor with Advanced Omron Health Management Software
   List Price: $289.99 Price: $299.95
 
6. HoMedics BPA-200 Smart Inflate Automatic Blood Pressure Monitor     List Price: $99.99  Price: $79.99

 

 

7. Adult Aneroid Blood Pressure Monitor
    List Price: $45.95 Price: $34.95
 
8. Wristech BLOOD PRESSURE MONITOR - As Seen on TV
    Price: $18.76
 

9. OMRON Automatic Blood Pressure Monitor. Model-HEM-712c
    Price: $80.99
 
10. MHI01140016 Blood Pressure Monitors, Calibrated Cuff, Large Adult, Blue    List Price: $39.13  Price: $26.09
 

 

 

   
11. Omron Elite 7300W Womens Avanced Blood Pressure Monitor
     List Price: $299.99  Price: $279.95

 
12. Microlife 3MC1-PC Ultimate Automatic Blood Pressure Monitor with Irregular Heartbeat Detection
    List Price: $89.99  Price: $67.84
 
   

 

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Heart Rate Monitors

 

Reference: Book: Permanent Diabetes Control, page 82

HEART RATE: The pulse rate, or the heartbeat, can be sensed and counted by touching some areas such as the wrist, neck or the top of the foot where the artery passes closest to the skin. The pulse rate is counted by placing the index finger over and middle finger under the wrist, and by pressing firmly until the pulse is sensed.

The acceleration and deceleration of blood and vibration of the heart cause the sound of heartbeat. The adult average heartbeat is 72 times per minute. The normal heart rate while resting is as follows:
 

      Type of People

             Beats Per Minute

Infants

100 to 160 beats per minute

Children (1 to 10 years)

70 to 120 beats per minute

Children (over 10 years)  

60 to 100 beats per minute

Adults of all ages

60 to 100 beats per minute

Trained Athletes 

40 to 60 beats per minute


If the pulse rate is not within the normal range as indicated above, something is wrong, and the person should stop exercising and should consult a healthcare professional.

The maximum heart rate and target heart rate can be calculated:

Maximum Heart Rate = 220 bpm (beats per minute) – Age
Target Heart Rate = 60 to 70% of Maximum Heart Rate

Example 6.4 (Book: Permanent Diabetes Control, page 82)
A 50-year-old person is weighing 70 Kg or 156 lb.
Maximum Heart Rate = 220 – 50 = 170 bpm
70% of Maximum Heart Rate = 0.70 x 170 = 119 bpm
60% of Maximum Heart Rate = 0.60 x 170 = 102 bpm
His target heart rate should be between 102 bpm and 119 bpm
, which is safe for this person at any level of intensity of a particular activity.
 

 


   The Complete List of Heart Rate Monitors  
 

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